Russian Fuel Products. Which ones are real?

Updated: Jun 5, 2020

The petroleum or fuel market is built around different fuel products. Petroleum products are materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. The majority of petroleum is converted to petroleum products, which includes several classes of fuels.

We would like to concentrate more on Russian fuels most often used by scammers in soft and full corporate offers including different classifications like GOST and others.



CRUDE OIL


Crude Oil is commonly refined into various types of fuels but can be sold as it is.


Main Russian Crude


  • Urals is a mix of heavy oil of the Urals and the Volga region with light oil of Western Siberia. It is used as a basis for the pricing of the Russian export oil mixture. The density is 31.7 degrees API, sulfur content is 1.35%.

  • Siberian Light is a light West Siberian oil of Khanty-Mansiysk and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Districts. The density is 35.1 degrees API, sulfur content is 0.57%.


Other Russian Crude


  • ESPO is a grade of Siberian oil supplied via the East Siberia - Pacific Ocean (ESPO) pipeline mostly to the countries of Asia, as well as to the west coast of the USA. The density is 34.8 degrees API, sulfur content is 0.62%.

  • Sokol is a light crude oil brand. It is extracted as a part of the Sakhalin-1 project. The density is 37.7 degrees API, sulfur content is 0.23%.

  • Vityaz is a light low-sulfur oil brand produced as a part of the Sakhalin-2 project. Currently, the Vityaz oil is delivered via the Trans-Sakhalin pipeline system. The density is 34.6 degrees API, sulfur content is 0.22%.

  • ARCO or Arctic Oil is a heavy crude oil which became the first project in Russia to produce hydrocarbon resources on the shelf of the Arctic. The density is 24 degrees API, sulfur content is 2.3%.


REBCO (Russian Export Blend Crude Oil) was an unsuccessful project to create a new grade of Russian export oil mixture in 2006. REBCO quotes ceased to be updated in November 2013.


DIESEL FUEL


Diesel fuel is a liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel. There are 4 classifications in total used in Russia. Some of them fully comply with the specification of EN 590:2009 and some are designed for the local use only.


D2 used to be a type of diesel according to the Committee of Common Market Automobile Constructors. It was abolished in 1996 and a new ACEA classification took place instead.


GOST P 52368-2005


Russian diesel fuel is classified based on the sulfur content (types) and filterability temperature in climatic conditions of the area of use such as temperate climate (grades) and cold climate (classes).


Diesel Types (based on sulfur content):


  • Type I - no more than 350 mg/kg of sulfur

  • Type II - no more than 50 mg/kg of sulfur

  • Type III - no more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur


Diesel Grades (based on filterability temperature in a temperate climate):


  • Grade A - up to 5°C

  • Grade B - up to 0°C

  • Grade C - up to -5°C

  • Grade D - up to -10°С

  • Grade E - up to -15°C

  • Grade F - up to -20°C


Diesel Classes (based on filterability temperature in the cold climate):


  • Class 0 - up to -20°C

  • Class 1 - up to -26°C

  • Class 2 - up to -32°C

  • Class 3 - up to -38°C

  • Class 4 - up to -44°C


For example, Diesel Euro Grade C Type III corresponds to Euro 5 (EN 590:2009).


РТ ТС 013/2011


This is a Technical Regulation of the Customs Union between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. According to this classification, there are 3 groups of diesel markings.


Group 1 (letters):


  • DT - diesel fuel for automotive diesel engines


Group 2 (letters indicating climatic conditions of use):


  • L - summer diesel (filterability temperature is not determined)

  • E - off-season diesel (-15°C)

  • Z - winter diesel (-20°C)

  • A - arctic diesel (-38°C)


Group 3 (symbols indicating the ecological class of diesel):


  • К2 - no more than 500 mg/kg of sulfur (not in use)

  • K3 - no more than 350 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type I)

  • K4 - no more than 50 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type II)

  • K5 - no more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type III)


For example, DT - L - K5 corresponds to Euro 5 (EN 590:2009).


GOST 32511 - 2013


This standard consists of a combination of previously discussed classifications and is also active. The marking of diesel fuel includes the following groups of characters:


Product Name:


  • DT - diesel fuel for automotive diesel engines


Conditions of Use:


  • L - summer diesel (as the Diesel Grades A, B, C, D of GOST P 52368-2005)

  • E - off-season diesel (as the Diesel Grades E, F of GOST P 52368-2005)

  • Z - winter diesel (as the Diesel Classes 0, 1, 2, 3 of GOST P 52368-2005)

  • A - arctic diesel (as the Diesel Class 4 of GOST P 52368-2005)


Ecological Class of Fuel:


  • К2 - no more than 500 mg/kg of sulfur (as the Group 3 of РТ ТС 013/2011)

  • K3 - no more than 350 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type I)

  • K4 - no more than 50 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type II)

  • K5 - no more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur (as the GOST Р 52368-2005 Type III)


For example, DT - L - K5 corresponds to Euro 5 (EN 590:2009).


GOST 305 - 2013


This standard applies to diesel fuel for high-speed diesel and gas turbine engines of land and marine equipment. This fuel with a sulfur content of 2000 mg / kg is supplied by state defense order and for export. It is not allowed to be sold through public gas stations.

Classification:

  • L - summer diesel (an ambient temperature of minus 5°C and above)

It's marked with flash point and ecological class of fuel (ex. DT-L-40-K2)

  • E - off-season diesel (an ambient temperature of minus 15°C and above)

It's marked with filterability temperature and ecological class of fuel (ex. DT-E-minus 15-K2)

  • Z - winter diesel (an ambient temperature of up to minus 25/35°C)

It's marked with filterability temperature and ecological class of fuel (ex. DT-Z-minus 25-K2)

  • A - arctic diesel (an ambient temperature of minus 45°C and above)

It's marked with ecological class of fuel (ex. DT-A-K2)


You may find the product called "RUSSIA ORIGIN DIESEL GAS D2 OIL GOST 305-82" in many offers. Keep in mind that the GOST 305-82 was abolished on January 1, 2015!


GASOIL


Many scammers try to sell "Russian Diesel Gasoil". Gasoil is not a type of diesel - it's just one of the many diesel fuel components. Gasoil is also used as a raw material for Fluid Catalytic Cracking.



GASOLINE


Gasoline is a colorless petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines.


GOST 32513-2013


  • AI-80 - octane rating of at least 80

  • AI-92 - octane rating of at least 92 (for engines with a compression ratio of 8.0)

  • AI-95 - octane rating of at least 95 (for engines with a compression ratio of 9.0)

  • AI-98 - octane rating of at least 98

  • AI-100, 101, 102 - octane number respectively at least 100, 101, 102.